STRUCTURAL ICE RESEARCH TIMELINE

2003

The igloo can be constructed at an air temperature of +18 ̊C with the help of a cooling machine and an inflatable mould but without the need to build an expensive isolated room.This test case can, in the future, have wider applications than just constructing igloos. At this moment new applications for this method are being researched.

2014

The world record for building the largest ice dome. The span of the dome was 30 meters, 5 meters more than the standing record at that time. This challenging project was realized by 50 volunteers from Holland and the people from the municipality of Juuka, Finland.


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2015

Ice is a well-known material, but as a building material it is quite uncommon. The ice structure is based on the design of the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona. The design was consist of several domes. One dome had a height of 30 meters, which is the highest ice dome in the world.


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2016

In the winter of 2016 a scale model of this br /idge with a span of 50 meters has be created in ice in Finland. It was the biggest single-span structure in ice ever realized. The ice br /idge project tried to realize a world record ice br /idge based on the 1502 design by Leonardo da Vinci and a thin shell ice structure based on the 1958 Restaurant Los Manantiales by Felix Candela in Mexico.


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2016

Together with Chinese students, we built a small igloo with a diameter of five to six meters and about meters high, which also warmed inside. The outer surface of this pilot-igloo must be cooled and we worked together with the company easycool, which also quoted a number of people to harbin. Also, there was a small tower of four feet high.


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2017

Students have to design a mega large polyhydric ice structure. The structure will be made by freezing a cable structure at the inside of an inflatable. After the cable structure can stand on it selve the inflatbable support structure at the outside can be removed en reused for new structures.


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2018

An international team of Dutch and Chinese students and professors from Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Summa College, the Netherlands, and Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China, realized the largest ice shell ever after two years of preparation. On 10 January the tower will be opened by the Dutch ambassador in China.


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2018

This year the world's first 3D printed structure in ice will be realized ! This gridshell dome has a diameter of 5 meters, and is a pilot project for a larger 3D printed grid shell in next years' ice festival in Edmonton, Canada.


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2022

In 2022, the Olympic Winter Olympic games were held in Beijing. What would be more beautiful than us putting the Holland house down there, made of ice? Imagine what that would give to our university and for the city of eindhoven.


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2025

Once in place, an inflatable membr /ane is used to create an interstitial environment between the outside of the capsule and the Mars atmosphere.
@Team Space Exploration Architecture and Clouds Architecture Office

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